Consensus Building

Public Involvement Techniques for Transportation Decision-making page south-dakota

The Consensus Building Institute page

Referenced forum8


Consensus building is a way to structure and facilitate the process of multi-stakeholder, multiissue negotiation, using several steps and tools:

1. identifying stakeholders, assessing their interests, capacities, and potential for reaching consensus-based agreements;
2. determining whether to proceed with a consensus building process, and starting the process with clear goals, ground rules, work plan and timetable;
3. using joint fact finding to resolve technical and factual questions and help the group focus on the development of feasible options;
4. managing the process of deliberation among those stakeholders to maximize the chances for reaching agreements that are technically sound and politically acceptable;
5. promoting consensus agreements where possible, and enabling near-consensus
alternatives when full consensus is not possible;
6. providing opportunities for stakeholders to revisit and revise their agreements as
necessary during the implementation phase.